MAIN ATTARACTIONS OF UTTARPRADESH
Uttar Pradesh is the land of amalgamation of cultures and faiths, the land of elegance and splendour, the land of dance and music, the land of poetry and paintings, the land of Ghats and Mosques and of course the Land of TAJ MAHAL. Uttar Pradesh has all the things to lure a tourist to visit this state. Monuments telling the historical fables, ruins standing witness to the prosperous era the state lived in and the mighty Ganges washing all the sins and making the plains fertile. A large state as it is; it is also the most populous state of the country with highest density level per km. A visit to the Taj, taste of melt in the mouth kebabs and phirni, along with Zardozi embroidered cloth material and the beautiful vessels of Muradabad are the best memories and souvenirs to be cherished and carried from Uttar Pradesh.
THE CAPITAL CITY: LUCKNOW
Leisurely habbits, etiquette, fine architecture, delicious food and refinement have become the part of living of the people of Lucknow. The small town near the Avadh, which was gifted to Lakshman rose to prominence with the Nawabs and was metaphorically called, the Shiraz of Avadh and the Constantinople of India. Today, Lucknow lives with the residue of the Nawabi culture; it lives with the memories of the past and also with the acquired status of a city rich in art, music, dance; a city of culture and gracious living.But as one leaves the capital of the state of Uttar Pradesh, the memories of its historical by-lanes, beautiful architecture, intricate embroideries, gracious dances and mouth watering delicacies lingers on like the aroma of the Ittar, the perfumed natural oils which Lucknow is famous for in your memories for years to come through.
Some of the monuments that should be visited in Lucknow are: The Chota and the Bada Imambara and the tomb of Sadat Ali for their marvellous architecture and beautiful structures.
Itmad – ud Daulah’s tomb:
Agra can very well be named as the tomb city of the Mughals, the most famous being the Taj Mahal. But many are in obscurity, one such tomb is that of Itmad -ud-daulah. This massive structure in marble is an enchanting piece of Mughal art. Built before the Taj it is supposed to be the first complete marble structure of that period. Itmad ud Daulah or Ghias ud Din Beg was the Prime Minister in the court of Jehangir and also father of Jehangir’s favourite wife Noor Jehan. The tomb was built by Noor Jehan after her father’s death. It took six years to complete and was completed in 1628. Similar to the Taj the whole structure of this tomb is also in marble, with intricate carvings on the window panes and the flower motifs on the walls. The windows have been carved in such a way that the sunlight can directly reach the interiors of the tomb. A similar structure was built by Noor Jehan for her husband Jehangir after his death which today stands in Lahore, Pakistan.
The Government Museum of Mathura:
Mathura, although is famous as the birth place of the most loved Hindu Deity, Lord Krishna, has some marvellous archeaological artefacts preserved at the Government museum. The museum has on display many artifacts those were discovered in Mathura itself. The artifacts range through a vast period of time from 5th century B.C. to the 12th century A.D. The sculptures and coins of the period belonging to the great Kushan dynasty and the Mauryan and Gupta era are on display in this museum. With the most impressive displayable objects, the museum provides perhaps the best material available for the study of Indian Art and Iconography. Probably no other Museum can boast of a better and a more varied collection of archeological material from one single region.
Ghats of Varanasi:
Varanasi has since ancient days been famous for its prime location on the great River Ganges and its temples. It is considered to be the prime abode of Lord Shiva. These Ghats are the stepped embankments on the River Ganges built by various Hindu rulers for their private use. All the Ghats are placed in the periphery of four to five km stretch on the bank of the River Ganges. These Ghats are best visited at dawn, before Sunrise. A boat ride on the River watching the sun rising and at the same time following the traditional rituals of the devotees is a picturesque sight. Sunset is another time to visit the Ghats when hymns are sung in the praise of The Almighty and the Ganges worshipping with lamps. By the time the sun dips down, men and women place small lamps on leaves and sail them in the river as an offering. Hundreds and thousands of lamps sail in the calm waters giving an impression of star lit sky. A beautiful mesmerizing site not to be missed.
Sangam of Allahabad:
Sangam is the place where the three mighty rivers meet and flow down south east in silent confluence forming the huge Ganga River. The meeting place of these three rivers can actually be seen as the brownish Ganga, and greenish Yamuna Rivers meet. The mystical River Saraswati is not to be seen and is said to be underground. There is a popular belief that the person who has never committed any sin can see the mystical River Saraswati at the confluence. Every 12th year this place hosts the world’s largest religious assemblance called the Kumbh Mela.
The Buddhist Attractions of Uttar Pradesh:
More than 300 km north of Lucknow lays the small place of Piprahwa which is believed to be the ancient place of Kapilavastu. Kapilavastu was the ancient capital of the Sakya dynasty. The Sakya dynasty was one of the 16 independent kingdoms in India in the 6th century B.C. Lord Buddha was born as Prince Siddhartha to the King, Shuddhodan and Queen Maya of the Sakya dynasty and therefore sometimes also referred to as Sakyamuni. He spent his childhood and youth in the palace surrounded by best of the things.
Today’s small town of Kushinagar was once the Kingdom of the Malla dynasty in the days of Gautam Buddha. It was known as Kushinara then and is one of the most important spots on the Buddhist pilgrimage trail. It was here at the age of 80 in the 5th century B.C. that Lord Buddha breathed his last. The Nirvana Stupa exposed in 1876, had a copper vessel which bore an inscription in Brahmi stating that remains of the lord had been deposited here. The nirvana temple has a huge six meter long Chunar sandstone image of reclining Buddha. This position of Buddha shows his position before passing on to Mahaparinirvana. The statue made in the 5th century A.D. was brought to Kushinagar from Mathura and was excavated in 1876.